Terminologies # 2 – SAMR Framework

The buzzwords often used in by educators in the last decade are “21st century learning skills”. Among those we’ve got Technology literacy which has become really present as we hit 2020. But while we incorporate technology on a daily basis in our teaching we must ask ourselves: are we using it meaningfully?

In the digital age we live in, we cannot help noticing how digital technology has changed how our students are functioning but also how it introduced potential pathways of learning.

As we constantly try to extend our teaching toolbox, we need to make sure that whenever we implement a technology within a lesson it is in sync with learning outcomes and students’ learning styles; and not just for the same of using technology!

Since we should try to integrate technology in a meaningful way, we should consider the SAMR model. This model developed by Dr Ruben Puentedura, displays the 4 different levels in technology integration. “SAMR” is an acronym that stands for Substitution, Augmentation, Modification, and Redefinition. Substitution and Augmentation are considered “Enhancement” steps, while Modification and Redefinition are termed “Transformation” steps.

Substitution – when you use a soft copy rather than the hard copy printed materials. So for instance, students read an article online and reply on questions on word doc.

Augmentation – When the digital material becomes interactive trying to improve the writing process, such using voice typing. This would not only include text but also digital media such as videos, graphs and hyperlinks.

Modification – The mean and the outcome in this level will be changed and modified. Instead of writing a text or making PowerPoint presentation in a collaboration on a digital platform.

Redefnition – A deeper level of utilization of tech in a way that will enable students to interact with a wider audience and feel part of a digital citizenship that will make them strive to deliver a more complex and creative outcome. So instead of a simple paper using incremental digital tools, they may deliver a complete different outcome such a digital biography or a digital story viewed by other classes or parents. This makes the task more engaging and more meaningful to students.

For more insights on how to implement the SAMR Framework into different disciplines read 8 Examples of Transforming Lessons Through the SAMR Cycle.

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